Civil Law Cases Examples

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In some cases, the standard for decision-making is «clear and convincing evidence.» This means that for you to win, you must prove that your version of the facts is most likely or reasonably certain, or «much more likely than unlikely.» In most civil cases, the judge or jury must make a decision on the winning party based on a standard called «predominance of evidence.» This means that the winning side of the story is true rather than false. This does not mean that one party has presented more evidence than the other. This means that one party`s evidence was more convincing than the other`s. On February 19, 2016, Joseph Dallal was sentenced to 33 months in prison under two separate prescription drug diversion programs. The court also ordered Dallal to forfeit $250,000 in ill-gotten gains. Dallal has previously been charged in the Puerto Rico District and southern Ohio for selling prescription drugs purchased illegally under two different drug diversion programs. Dallal obtained the drugs from several illegal and unauthorized sources and sold them to co-conspirators without the required family tree document showing where Dallal had purchased the drugs. In both cases, Dallal`s co-conspirators then sold the drugs to wholesalers and pharmacies in the United States with fake family tree documents that did not reveal the true sources of the drugs. The cases were consolidated to plead and convict in Puerto Rico. On December 5, 2014, Dallal pleaded guilty to two counts of conspiracy to commit mail fraud and bank transfer.

In February 2007, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) announced that an ongoing outbreak of salmonellosis cases in the United States was directly attributable to peanut butter produced at the sylvester facility in Georgia. The company voluntarily ceased production at the plant on February 14, 2007 and recalled all peanut butter that had been produced there since January 2004. The CDC eventually identified more than 700 cases of salmonellosis associated with the outbreak of the disease as of August 2006. The CDC has estimated that thousands of other related cases have gone unreported. The CDC has not identified any deaths related to the outbreak. BUT none of these standards is as strong as the criminal standard that requires the state to prove that the defendant is guilty of the crime of which he is reasonably accused. On May 5, 2021, the court issued a preliminary injunction against a St. Louis chiropractor, Eric Nepute, and his company Quickwork LLC, d/b/a Wellness Warrior, who the government said were misleadingly promoting vitamin D and zinc as treatments for COVID-19.

The government`s complaint seeks interim and permanent injunctions, civil penalties and other fair remedies. The complaint alleges that in order to sell their vitamin D and zinc products, the defendants advertised on social media and on the Internet that vitamin D and zinc treat or prevent COVID-19 and are more effective than vaccines, in violation of sections 5 and 12 of the FTC Act and the COVID-19 Consumer Protection Act (CCPA). This is the first enforcement action under the CCPA. Global consumer goods group Reckitt Benckiser Group plc (RB Group) has agreed to pay $1.4 billion to resolve its potential criminal and civil liability in a federal investigation into the marketing of opioid addiction drug Suboxone. The resolution — the largest U.S. recovery in a case involving an opioid drug — includes the forfeiture of a total proceeds of $647 million, civil settlements with the federal and state governments totaling $700 million, and an administrative resolution with the Federal Trade Commission for $50 million. On July 27, 2020, the Department filed a civil lawsuit against and its founder, Jeffrey Tinsley, seeking injunctive relief, remedies, and civil penalties under the FTC Act, the Telemarketing Sales Rule, the Restore Online Shoppers` Confidence Act, and the Fair Credit Reporting Act for unfair and misleading conduct in selling online subscriptions for alleged consumer background reports and for sold non-compliant background reports. legal requirements. The complaint alleges that the defendants market their background reporting service to consumers, often falsely implying that wanted persons have criminal or sexual offences that can only be accessed by purchasing a MyLife subscription. According to the complaint, the defendants misrepresent or fail to disclose the essential terms of these subscriptions, including the fact that a lump sum is paid in advance, subscriptions are automatically renewed, and subscriptions can only be cancelled by calling a customer service center that prevents and discourages cancellations or refunds.

Defendants also sell background reports, although they do not comply with laws that require defendants to ensure that the reports are as accurate as possible to identify who is buying the reports and how they intend to use them, and to inform buyers on how to legally use the reports. The complaint alleges that the two rural pharmacies are among the largest monthly buyers of opioids across the country.  In addition to filing injunctions and civil fines for CSA violations, the lawsuit also includes allegations under the False Claims Act of Medicare false billing for illegal prescriptions of controlled substances.  A hearing on the government`s application for an injunction is scheduled for February 21, 2019. Learn more about civil cases – the standard of proof used by the court, common types of civil cases and the steps in civil proceedings. Criminal cases are divided into three main categories: On January 18, 2018, the District Court issued a consent order imposing a $5 million civil penalty and a permanent injunction against Dr. Reddy`s Laboratories, Inc., a pharmaceutical company, to resolve a complaint that the company had violated the Consumer Product Safety Act. The complaint, filed with the consent order on December 18, 2017, alleged that until 2012, Dr. Reddy`s had distributed oral prescription drugs in blister packs that did not test for resistance in children under the Poison Control Packaging Act. In addition to imposing a civil penalty, the prescription prohibits Dr. Reddy`s from continuously dispensing oral prescription drugs for the household in violation of the law and requires Dr.

Reddy`s to implement a compliance program. The injunction also requires Dr Reddy`s to maintain internal controls and procedures to ensure prompt, truthful, complete and accurate reporting of these matters to the Commission. Roos distributed several varieties of ready-to-eat cheese, including ricotta, queso fresco, and curdled cream cheese, and sold and distributed his products to wholesale customers in Maryland, New Jersey, Virginia, and Washington D.C. The criminal complaint and civil lawsuit alleged that Roos distributed cheese in connection with an outbreak of Listeria monocytogenes (L. mono) in 2014. The criminal information affirmed this on the 21st. In February 2014, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reported that a total of eight people (five adults and three newborns) had been infected with L. mono in Maryland and California. According to the CDC, several of the Maryland patients reported eating soft or semi-soft cheese the month before the disease. Most civil lawsuits can be divided into steps listed below: A federal civil lawsuit involves a dispute between two or more parties.

A civil action begins when a party to the dispute files a claim and pays a legally required filing fee. An applicant who is unable to pay the fees may request the continuation of the formma pauperis.