Connecticut has regulations that describe the working day meals/lunch breaks that must be provided to employees, but does not require employees to be given additional, shorter break times. On this page you will find details about the requirements for meal times in Connecticut. 15-minute break for 4 to 6 consecutive hours or a 30-minute break for more than 6 consecutive hours. If an employee works 8 consecutive hours or more, the employer must provide a 30-minute break and an additional 15-minute break for each additional 4 consecutive hours of work. If an employee wanted to work without interruption, a «self-certification» of the agreement should suffice. Applicable to any employer, except in work environments which, due to their professional nature, offer ample opportunity to take a reasonable meal break. Q: An employee asked to work all day without taking a lunch break. I thought Connecticut labor law required a meal break. Would we be breaking the law if we acceded to their request? A: Connecticut`s meal break law does not require meal breaks to be taken. At the federal level, the Fair Labour Standards Act establishes guidelines for compensation during breaks. According to the guidelines, employers are not required to pay employees during full meal times, which last 30 minutes or more. An exception to this rule is when employees have to work during their break, such as sitting at their desk and flipping emails while eating. Because in Connecticut, meal breaks must last at least 30 minutes, employers don`t have to pay employees during breaks as long as the period is outside of work.
Many employees (and employers) would be surprised to learn that under federal law, employees are NOT automatically entitled to a lunch or break during the workday. On the surface, it makes economic sense to offer such breaks, as exhausted or hungry employees can`t always give customers a positive impression of the company, but federal law doesn`t require it. Connecticut`s meal break laws exclude employers who offer a total of 30 minutes or more of paid rest or meal time in each hour and a half of work. Mealtime requirements do not modify or affect applicable collective agreements or prevent a different meal plan through a written employer-employee agreement. State law is different. Connecticut is one of 19 states where employees must provide 30 minutes of unpaid leave if an employee has worked at least seven and a half consecutive hours during their shift. The law also stipulates that this break must take place at least two hours after the advertisement to work and at least two hours before the end of their shift. 1/2 hour for employees who have to work 6 consecutive hours or more. The lunch break should not be scheduled during or before the first hour of the planned work activity. Staff can expect a meal break to stay fresh and alert for the rest of the working day.
While the ability to take a meal break may seem like a fundamental right, many states do not require employers to offer such breaks. In Connecticut, however, the Labor Code includes a provision that makes meal breaks mandatory. Connecticut employers may not be required to offer meal breaks if they meet the exemption criteria. The Labour Commissioner may grant an exemption to employers who prove that the provision of meal breaks would affect, for example, public safety. Employers may also receive an exemption if only one employee at a time can perform the duties of an assignment, if there are no more than four employees on the shift, or if business operations require employees to be available at all times to respond to urgent situations. Examples of the latter include jobs that involve chemical production or research experiments, according to the Connecticut Department of Labor. Read more: OSHA Break Requirements An employer may waive the right to a thirty-minute unpaid lunch break upon voluntary written request from an employee who is primarily engaged in serving food or beverages to customers and who receives tips and reports them to the employer in connection with that employment. Connecticut labor laws require meal breaks for full-time employees.
Workers who are on the clock for 7.5 consecutive hours or more must be given a break of at least 30 minutes. To ensure that meal times are somewhere in the middle of the shift, it should not take place during the first two hours or the last two hours of the workday. The Connecticut Department of Labor notes that provisions in collective agreements, such as those negotiated by unions, may replace the state`s meal break requirement. Apart from the meal break requirement, there is no obligation under federal or state law for employers to schedule additional breaks. In practice, however, many employers offer short paid breaks during the day, even though there is no collective agreement that prescribes such breaks. Typically, employers offer one or two paid breaks of 10 to 15 minutes during a normal workday. Does not apply to workplaces where fewer than 3 employees are on duty at the same time and the nature of the work allows these workers to take frequent paid breaks during the working day. Does not apply if collective bargaining or other written employer-employee agreements provide otherwise. Workers working in some retail stores are entitled to an unworked break based on the number of hours worked. Hotel maids may not need to work during a break. The break area must be equipped with adequate seating and tables in a clean and comfortable environment. Drinking water must be provided free of charge.
The employer must keep complete and accurate records of break times. Reasonable period outside the service, usually 1/2 hour, but shorter period allowed under special conditions between the 3rd and 5th hour of work. Not counted as working time. Coffee breaks and snack times are not included in the meal. While some states have labor regulations that require employees to be granted one or more rest periods on a workday, the Connecticut government has no such regulations. Therefore, in Connecticut, all breaks or rest periods are granted to employees at the discretion of the employer. Excluded are certain professional employees and workplaces certified by the State Council of Education that are covered by a collective agreement or other written employer-employee agreement. Exceptions may also be granted where compliance would have an impact on public safety; only one employee may perform the duties of a position, an employer has fewer than five employees on a shift at a single place of business; or where the continuity of an employer`s business requires employees to respond to urgent or unusual conditions at all times and employees to be paid for their meal breaks.
Connecticut requires employees to have a half-hour lunch break after the first 2 hours of work and before the last 2 hours of work for employees who work 7 and a half consecutive hours or more in a shift. However, if an employer allows breaks, the break time must be paid. This includes the time called lunch or rest break of five to 20 minutes.