Define Five Laws of Library Science

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The librarian who wants to flourish his career and be a successful librarian must keep in mind the five laws of librarianship. And the librarian who wants to maintain his library in an orderly manner must apply these laws in his library. These five laws can be considered the main motto of librarianship. This last rule reminds us that we are not a static company. Our users grow and change, books change and we have to change with them. Note that the law states that «the library» is a growing organization. He assumes that the library is a living and breathing unit. This means that it grows and changes over time. The books we buy and place in our collections will change over time and with our audience.

Libraries in a particular location may notice a change in their demographics and make changes in the development of the collection to cope with that change. Our collections become obsolete, many items irrelevant, and like an overgrown garden, weed our collections and remove items that don`t have as many readers or readers in that particular place to make room for new books and new readers. Scott Piepenburg is currently head of cataloguing services at Brodart and author of the popular Easy MARC series, as well as articles on the future of library automation, the history of record-to-disc technology, and the role of cataloguing audiovisual materials for schools and public libraries. Click here to learn more. The second main principle of librarianship, «Every person has his book,» means that librarians must serve a vast collection of clients, acquire literature that meets a variety of needs, and refrain from prejudice or judging what certain clients read. Librarians must respect the fact that everyone is different and everyone has a different taste when it comes to the books they choose. Following the publication of the five laws of librarianship, Ranganathan named children, the physically handicapped, artisans, newly educated adults, the mentally handicapped, working-class individuals, and individuals with niche interests as specific groups of potential readers served by the application of the second law. [7] In addition, a library collection must represent the community it serves. [5] Gorman repeated these laws in Chapter 1 of his book Future Libraries: Dreams, Madness, & Realities, co-authored by Walt Crawford, and in Our Singular Strengths: Meditations for Librarians. These laws emanated from his intense commitment to all aspects of library science, his vast experience, his in-depth study, and his thinking. The nature and implications of these laws are now discussed: 2.

Each reader his books: The second law emphasizes in more detail the implication of the first law from the reader`s point of view. The service library is expected to increase user demand and increase the value of using books. The librarian should expand the use of books with superfluous books. The second law must be carried out by the following factors: The first sentence of librarianship «Books are for use» forms the basis of library services. This law means that books in libraries are not intended to be excluded from users. Ranganathan observed that books were often chained to prevent their removal and that the emphasis was on storage and preservation rather than use. [4] He did not reject the idea that conservation and storage were important, but he argued that the purpose of these activities should be to encourage use. [5] Without user access to documents, these elements have little value.

With a focus on use, Dr. Ranganathan has refocused the domain`s attention on access-related issues[2] such as library location, loan policies, opening hours and days, staff quality, and day-to-day issues such as library furniture and temperature control. [6] The fourth law of librarianship, «Save the Reader`s Time,» means that all users should be able to find the documents they want quickly and efficiently. The practice of librarianship creates systems, services, workflows, guides, and frameworks for the benefit of convenience for the user. [9] Ranganathan stated that the Fourth Act, in turn, saves library staff time through practices such as centralized classification and cataloguing, documenting documents before sending them to the library they have commissioned, and mechanizing methods of obtaining information. [10] The most commonly used foundations of philosophy by librarians are often referred to as the Five Laws of Library Science or the Ranganathan Code. They were developed in 1931 by the Indian librarian S. R. Ranganathan. Although they have been modified and attempts have been made to update them, we will examine them in their original and basic form, as this form was the most permanent. After the first two laws assumed that books are an inherent good and that every person should have access to them, this law looks the other way: it assumes that every book has a reader.

Some books, such as those in the «Harry Potter» series, have widespread sales and readership. Others, especially technical or research books, have a much smaller audience. That being said, this law assumes that when a book comes out, there is somewhere, sometimes, a reader for that book. This law states that there is one reader for every book. This may not be the case today, and it may not be widespread, but there is a reason for the existence of this book. 1. Books are intended to be used: in this case, the term «book» must be interpreted broadly to mean document. The recognition of this law helps to lift the restriction on the use of books, i.e. to exempt the library service from the universal. The purpose of the library is to ensure maximum use of reading material. The first law must be achieved by the following factors: 4.

Saving readers time: books must be made available immediately to readers. It is the law that really puts the effectiveness of the library to the test. Methods of classification, cataloguing, output of books, proper shelves of books, etc. all play an important role in saving the reader time. This law must be realized through the following factors: The fifth law of librarianship, «A library is a growing organism,» means that a library should be a dynamic institution that is never static in its perspective. Ranganathan identified two types of growth: growth, which increases the number of items in the library`s collection, and growth, which improves the overall quality of the collection by replacing materials. [11] Books, methods and the physical library need to be updated over time. You have to take into account the growing physical space, but in the 21st century, this means the different formats that a collection can include. [5] They are very simple, but together they form a fundamental and evolutionary path. Let`s briefly review the laws and their progress.

On this basis, five laws of different variants have been proposed! In 2016, Dr. Achala Munigal recommended the following changes to ranganathan`s laws due to the introduction and application of social tools in libraries: This is not a comprehensive review of library laws.