The new ILO Protocol on Forced Labour, which is legally binding, aims to strengthen global efforts to combat forced labour, human trafficking and slavery-like practices. Governments now have the opportunity to ratify the Protocol and incorporate new measures at the national and regional levels to combat this crime. If you believe you have been in contact with a victim of human trafficking, call the National Human Trafficking Resource Centre at 1.888.373.7888. This helpline will help you determine if you have encountered victims of human trafficking, identify local resources available in your community to help victims, and coordinate with local social service agencies to protect and serve victims so they can begin the process of restoring their lives. The ILO and its partners have worked with the media to support the production of high-quality reporting on forced labour and fair recruitment issues, to build or strengthen networks of specialized journalists, and to partner with institutions with the capacity and mandate to advance media education and advertising. Traffickers who exploit people for forced labour do not discriminate. Neither do employers: victims may be age, race, religion, gender identity or nationality. They can also come from any socio-economic group. However, certain risk factors may make some people more susceptible to forced labour than others. These include: When victims of human trafficking are identified, the U.S. government can help them stabilize their immigration status and get support and help to rebuild their lives in the United States through various programs. By certifying victims of human trafficking, the U.S.
Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) has made possible victims of human trafficking who do not live in the United States. Citizens who receive publicly funded benefits and services to the same extent as a refugee. Victims of human trafficking who are U.S. citizens do not need to be certified to receive benefits. As U.S. citizens, they may already be entitled to many benefits. Forced labor is any labor or service that people are forced to do against their will under the threat of punishment. Almost all slavery practices contain some element of forced labor. Forced labor in the United States may include sex trafficking and/or labor trafficking, as both engage in forced or compulsory labor under threat, fraud, or coercion. Most often, however, American activists refer to forced labor when talking about labor trafficking, because sex trafficking is a separately defined crime.
Isolating victims – sometimes physically, sometimes emotionally – is a key method of control in most labour trafficking situations. But that doesn`t mean you`ll never meet someone who is traded. A contractor may notice that a subcontractor`s team seems to be sleeping in unfinished houses, or a suburban mother may learn from a nanny at her local playground that her employer is abusing and threatening her. If you understand how human trafficking works in the workplace, you may be able to help. Law enforcement agencies in the United States have discovered forced labor in a variety of industries. They can play an active role in ending forced labour, and raising awareness of these abuses is a crucial first step. Forced labor is the type of slavery used around the world to make many products in our global supply chains. The fishing, textile, construction, minerals and agricultural industries are particularly interspersed with forced labourers. The private sector – companies and individuals who want to make a profit – exploits 90% of the world`s forced laborers, which means that the desire to make a profit is the greatest motivating force behind the institution of slavery. The United States has an explicit legal ban on the importation of goods made with forced labor and can impose criminal and civil penalties on them. You can learn more about supply chain compliance for child labor and forced labor using DOL`s Comply Chain app, which helps companies and industry groups develop robust social compliance systems for their global production.
DOL also makes its coverage of child labor, forced labor, and human trafficking available in a separate mobile app, Sweat and Toil, which puts 1,000 pages of research in the palm of your hand. In September 2021, DOL launched a new web-based interactive visualization tool called better Trade Tool, which combines research on child labor and forced labor with U.S. import trade data, including codes from the U.S. Harmonized Tariff Schedule. This new compliance and accountability tool allows users to drive supply chain transparency efforts as well as strategic procurement priorities. There are various forms of exploitative practices related to human trafficking in labour, including debt bondage, forced labour and child labour. As of June 23, 2021, the U.S. Department of Labor`s (DOL) list of goods manufactured by child labor or forced labor included 155 goods from 77 countries produced by forced labor, including forced child labor. Gold, brick and sugar cane were the most commonly listed products by many countries for forced labour, and bricks, cotton and clothing were most commonly listed by the number of countries for child labour. According to the ILO Forced Labour Convention, forced or compulsory labour is any work or service required of a person threatened with punishment and for which he or she has not voluntarily offered himself. Forced labour may include forced sexual services. In line with Sustainable Development Goal 8.7, IPEC+ focuses on the elimination of child labour in all its forms by 2025 and the elimination of forced labour, modern slavery and human trafficking by 2030.