en·gross / enˈgrōs/ • v. [tr.] ( 1 ) Capture all the attention or interest: the notes totally captivated him.2. Produce a law (a legal document) in its final or final form. a legal document that commits the person signing it to something. The law has been drafted down to the smallest detail. The strict technical requirements suggest that legislators were not only concerned that markets were threatened by competition from unregulated traders, but also that licenses were too freely available, either because judges did not know how much were granted, but also because they had been acquired illegally. perhaps by corrupt judicial officials or forgers. Fake licenses for vagrants and others were a constant problem. In practice, licences have been granted outside these conditions, including to women. Mandatory, preventive and regulatory offences were commercial offences under English, Welsh and Irish customary law. The terms have been used to describe unacceptable methods of influencing the market, sometimes by creating a local monopoly on a particular good, usually food. The terms were often used together and with overlapping meanings.
They became obsolete in 1844.  Preparation of the final version of a legal document ready to be executed (validated, for example with a signature). The Domesday Book reported that «foresteel» (i.e., the practice of buying goods before they reached the market and then raising prices) was one of three incursions king Edward the Confessor could make through England.  As early as 1321, the practice of forestry was recognized as a specific and regulated offence in early twelfth century London and other cities, including goods arriving by land or sea. Originally, however, the word itself was not used. In the laws of Henry I of England, prevention was the crime of attacking the highway, a crime against the king`s peace. He gained prominence of the commercialization offence through the distribution of the regulations of the Field Marshal, whose officers were authorized by Edward I of England to regulate trade in the counties. Over time, these regulations became known as the Forest Statute, although they were probably never adopted through a formal process. These laws provide for severe penalties for prevention. In practice, the normal sanction was a fine or, in case of recidivism, exposure to the pillory. According to this law, a licence could only be granted under strict conditions.
Badgers had to be men, residing in the County for 3 years, housekeepers, married and aged 30 or over. Domestic workers or followers could not apply. In addition to buying corn or grain outside the market or reselling them fairly, the license had to include «explicit words» that allowed it. Licences could only be granted at quarterly sessions and by three judges, one of whom had to be a quorum member. Everyone had to sign and seal the license. The licence could not be issued for more than one year and all licences expired on 1 May, unless they were intended for a longer period of validity. Judges had the right, but not the obligation, to require a «surety or guarantee» by recognition of or for the badger. This could be up to £5, the maximum penalty for a first breach of the law. The clerk of the peace or deputy registrar, but no less an officer, had to present the licence, which cost 12 pence, and record the terms of the licence in a register to be presented at quarterly sessions.
Although badgers, like most travelers in medieval and Elizabethan times, had to have a license and probably wore and produced it when challenged, the legislation did not require them to wear a badge. There is an anecdotal indication of this, and it is possible that in practice there was a habit or habit to do so or be forced to do so in certain markets (e.g. Smithfield Market). Regulate – buy corn or other dead victues at any market and resell it in the same market or within four miles of the place. Because it also increases the prices of provisions, since each subsequent seller must have a successive profit. Like its predecessors, this law was deemed inadequate, so much so that in 1562, the Parliament of Elizabeth I passed another act that tightened the regulation of badgers and drovers (5 Elizabeth I, c. 12 iv). The law recited that «so many individuals, who only want to live lightly and leave their honest work, strive daily to be authorized and authorized. to be the most unfit and dissatisfied for these purposes. Reduction in the number of good and necessary husbands.» Blackstone says it was a common law offence. The derivation does not come from setting up one stall in front of another, but from buying before the goods arrive at a stand on the open market. Typically, prevention referred to the practice of intercepting sellers on the way to a market, buying their shares, and then putting them on the market and marking them, which is a type of arbitrage.
It could also mean the creation of partnerships or agreements under which goods are not placed on the market. Prevention is often used and understood as a collective clause for marketing offences. To print a final copy of a document In archaic criminal law, chains were the process of driving up the price of a good by buying it and creating a monopoly. TO CAPTIVATE, PRACTICE, MEDIATE. Copy the coarse traction of an instrument into a shiny and large hand. See 3 Bouv. Inst. n, 2421, note. Prevention – the purchase or contracting out of goods or inventory that create a barrier to the market; or prevent any person from bringing their property or supplies into it; or convince them to raise the price if it is there; Each of these practices makes the market more expensive for the fair trader.
Captivating – breaking into one`s own possession or buying large quantities of corn or other dead supplies, with the intention of reselling them. This, of course, must be detrimental to the public by giving one or two rich men the power to raise the price of supplies as they see fit. en·gross·ing / enˈgrōsing/ • adj. absorb all his attention or interest: the most captivating parts of the book. DERIVED PRODUCTS: Coarse crude. Magnification is also used to describe a stage in the adoption of laws. During the legislative process, a bill may be debated, read, amended or amended until it is finally adopted in final form. The process of sequencing is the impression of an act in its final form and recording. In 1552, Edward VI`s Parliament passed a law regulating trade and declared in the preamble, as is often the case, that earlier laws had proved inadequate (5 & 6 Edward VI c.
12) iii. An agreement between two or more people (or groups) to do (or not do) something. The Agreement may be enforced by law. Blackstone described a monopoly as «the same offense in other trades,» that is, not food. The documents have been updated and compiled into a set. Blackstone`s comments described them as offences against public commerce: magnification was used in the old law, where the method of drafting a written document or contract was to prepare a draft and then have the final terms of the instrument legibly copied onto parchment paper. Today, the term refers to modern forms of copying, including engraving or any other form of printing that provides a final readable copy. The laws governing badgers were repealed in 1772 by 12 Geo III, c 71, a law repealing several laws mentioned therein against badgers, rude, foresters and regurters and compensating persons against prosecution for crimes committed against these laws. However, it was noted that they had not been effectively repealed because of repeated prohibitions in previous laws.
In 1800, a certain John Rusby was accused of buying ninety quarters of oats at 41 per quarter and selling thirty for 43 seconds. on the same day. Lord Kenyon, the presiding judge, argued strongly against the annulment law and turned heavily against the defendant before the jury. Rusby was fined heavily, but on appeal, the court was also divided on whether the captivating, preventative and regulatory offences were still common law offences.  Another repeal law was needed in 1844 when 7 & 8 Vic. c. 24 (A law abolishing the crimes of afforestation, regulation and food, and repealing certain laws enacted to restrict trade) finally cleansed the law by repealing 19 other laws passed between the reigns of Henry III and Edward VI. The law prohibited the purchase and sale of «corn, fish, butter or cheese» by a badger, shipper, child or carrier, who received a licence from three justices of the peace of the county in which he lived, penalties imposed «at a fair or open market.» .