The jury box should allow ten to twelve square meters per juror. A 14-member jury bench is typically 19 to 21 feet long and eight to nine feet deep; A box of seven jurors would be four to five feet deep. The distance between the first row and the front ramp should be about eighteen inches to allow for legroom. The modesty railing/panel should be high enough to protect the lower level of the judges. The total number required for a jury bench of 16 people is approximately 180 to 210 square feet; for a box of eight jurors, 80 to 90 square meters. The jury box should accommodate all jurors plus two or more assistants. The standard jury box should accommodate 16 jurors to provide maximum flexibility for current and future trials. Seat placement can vary, but a two-tier configuration is usually the most effective. Space for a judge with a disability should be created either with an open seat at the end of the first row or by removing the first judge`s chair. In 6-person jury arrangements, there should be room for eight presidents with two alternate positions. Courts that appoint an 8-member jury may find it advantageous to use a 14-member cubicle to ensure adequate circulation in the trial area and greater flexibility in the conduct of future criminal proceedings. A nine- or ten-inch shelf may be desirable in the jury box to review documents and exhibits to ensure distance between jurors and lawyers.
It may be more effective to leave the first stage of the jury box at ground level, especially if a three-stage box is to be used. Audio jacks for headphones or other hearing aids should be available in several locations for the hearing impaired. The jury box may have one or two entrances. If there is only one entrance, it must be located near the exit of the jury deliberation rooms. The path should be as direct as possible and it should not be necessary for jurors to cross the courtroom or through the spectator seating area. Access to the jury`s deliberations should be through a private corridor. Juries should not have to pass by the accused. Subscribe to America`s largest dictionary and get thousands of other definitions and an advanced search – ad-free! The jury box must be placed so that the lawyer`s tables, the witness box, the judge and the audio-visual exhibition area are fully visible. The jurors themselves should be in the eyes of the court and spectators to ensure the perception of an open and public trial. The jury box is better placed on the same side of the judge as the witness box and must not go beyond the witness box or the lawyer`s tables, so that there is at least a 90-degree view of all participants. All jurors should be able to see witnesses and lawyers as close as possible. The jury box can be equipped with electrical outlets and cable conduits for built-in video display monitors.
A microphone may be placed near the jury foreman`s position. The design and image of the jury box must be consistent with the style and finishes of the judge`s bench and other courtroom furniture. The front of the jury box must be protected by a disc of modesty. «Jury Box». Merriam-Webster.com Legal Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, www.merriam-webster.com/legal/jury%20box. Retrieved 9 October 2022. Jurors are temporary «judicial officers» and should be given the comfort and courtesy appropriate to their role. They must be present and vigilant for hours, often over several days. They must be protected from public contact, harassment and intimidation.
While jury service is a civic duty required of all eligible citizens, many jurors serve at great personal sacrifice in salary and time. Many are completely unfamiliar with the court process and find it intimidating, confusing and mentally exhausting. The jury cubicle should contain a railing/modesty panel and shelf area to create some distance from the study participants. A bailiff or court representative may be posted between the jury box and spectators to prevent communication or intimidation. Court rules and procedures often prohibit cameras from focusing on jurors. If video or surveillance cameras are used, judges must be out of sight of the cameras. JURY BOX. A place where the jury can sit during the trial of a case.
The jury box must be far enough away from the public area to prevent physical or verbal contact. Seven feet from the centre of the first judge`s chair at the bar separating the audience from the test area is sufficient. There may be a bailiff between the jury and the spectators to prevent any communication. Juries should be far enough away from the lawyer`s tables to prevent wiretapping – at least four feet to the table and six feet to the nearest lawyer`s chair. Judges must not turn their backs on spectators; This tends to make judges uncomfortable and can cause distractions when judges turn around to see who is coming in or out. n. the enclosed space in which the jury sits in assigned seats during a jury trial. (See: Jury) Due to the need to make all jury boxes accessible to persons with disabilities, one option is to place the first floor at ground level at witness bar. This eliminates the need to install a ramp or elevator for the jury box. The jury box must contain a wheelchair accessible space located in the defined area of the jury box.
Access to this wheelchair space must coincide with the traffic path intended for all persons using the jury box. If this wheelchair space is on a step inside the jury box, a permanent ramp or elevator on the bypass used by all judges may be used to reach this space. The first row of seats is traditionally raised on a riser and the second row on two risers. This has several advantages: (1) as temporary court officers, the jury receives the importance to which it is entitled; (2) the jury is at or above the witness` eyes, which reduces any psychological intimidation of the jury by the witness, and (3) the jury has a better view of the witness and the trial. Juries must hear clearly from the judge, witnesses and lawyers. You must have an unobstructed view of the judge, witness, lawyers and the exhibition area. The lighting must be the standard intensity of the courtroom. A foot ramp may be desirable. Depending on skill restrictions, writing surfaces for each juror may also be included. Wall surfaces behind judges should be easy to clean. Jury seats should be fixed to the floor; They should swivel but not swing and should be about 30 to 33 inches apart and no less than three and a half feet back to back.
Chairs should have armrests and be designed to reduce judges` fatigue over long periods of time, with adequate back support and legroom.