It is technically legal for minors to possess and consume alcohol at home and in public (not on authorized premises), as there is no law prohibiting it. It is also technically legal for someone to buy alcohol and give it to minors outside the store or licensed establishments.  The nation – specifically, the state-run Global Times – realizes that without a minimum drinking age, there will likely be many children and adolescents drinking. Sociologists argue that the increase in underage alcohol consumption goes hand in hand with the growth of urban incomes and the increasing independence of children to indulge in the proliferation of restaurants, bars, karaoke parlors and other recreational facilities. Many stores already post signs stating that they do not sell alcohol to minors, but China has never had a formal ban on such sales. The only previous legal notice was a reference in the Youth Protection Act that young people should be prevented from abusing alcohol. Of the 190 countries, 61% have an alcohol consumption age of 18 or 19. The United States and 11 other countries have an MLDA of 21, the highest MLDA of any country where it is legal to drink (although some parts of India have drinking ages of 25 and 30). Alcohol is banned in 16 countries, all Muslim, although some have exceptions for non-Muslims. In addition to prohibiting underage drinking, the Commerce Department`s new «liquor circulation regulation procedures» also require sellers to obtain licenses to sell alcohol and ensure the purity and safety of alcohol. The survey also concluded that students lacked knowledge about the effects of alcohol.
Alcohol consumption has steadily increased in China, but education about its effects is lagging behind. «These dramatic increases, observed after the 1980s, are due to China`s rapid economic development and the simultaneous increase in average income,» reports the World Health Organization. Teenagers have been quoted saying things like «cheap alcohol harms the body, but not expensive alcohol» and «drinking beer is as effective as drinking water when you`re thirsty.» In the 1970s, provincial and state policymakers in Canada and the United States switched to lower MLDAs (set at 21 in most provinces, territories and states) to coincide with the age of judicial majority – usually 18. As a result, MLDAs have been reduced in all Canadian provinces [and] in more than half of U.S. states. In Canada, however, two provinces, Ontario (1979) and Saskatchewan (1976), rapidly increased their subsequent AOMLs from ages 18 to 19 in response to some studies showing a link between lowering the drinking age and increasing alcohol-related harms among adolescents and young adults, including increases in motor vehicle crashes and alcohol poisoning among high school students. Following the reduction of AMRs in the United States, research conducted in several states provided convincing evidence of a sharp increase in fatal and non-fatal traffic accident rates that occurred immediately after the introduction of a lower age for drinking. These scientific discoveries increased public pressure on legislators to increase MLDAs, and in response, the federal government introduced the National Minimum Drinking Age Act of 1984, which required a reduction in highway funding for states if they did not increase their MLDA to 21. All states complied and introduced a 21-year MLDA in 1988.  China has banned the sale of alcohol to minors because it fears that the permissive attitude of parents and teachers could exacerbate a growing problem of underage drinking. The legal drinking age is the minimum age at which a person can legally consume alcoholic beverages. The minimum age at which alcohol can be legally consumed may differ from the age at which it can be purchased in some countries.
These laws vary from country to country and many laws provide for exceptions or special circumstances. Most laws only apply to alcohol consumption in public places, with alcohol consumption in the home generally unregulated (an exception is the UK, which has a legal age of five for supervised consumption in private places). 2015 Manzoor Butt, «Illegal toxic alcohol consumption kills hundreds of people every year in Pakistan; Primary care doctors must take a more proactive role in saving precious lives,» Middle East Journal of Business, April 2015 Alcohol consumption laws – Except for a few minor local regulations, there are no alcohol laws in China. Alcohol can be purchased at any supermarket, supermarket, restaurant, bar, hotel or club 7 days a week and can be drunk anywhere you feel like drinking it. If the store is open 24 hours a day, alcohol is also available 24 hours a day. Closing times for bars and clubs vary depending on demand, but it`s usually all over by 3 a.m. In Hong Kong, alcohol laws largely follow the British model; Restaurants, bars and clubs must obtain licenses to sell alcohol for consumption on site, and businesses must have licenses to sell it for off-site consumption. In both cases, the licences prohibit the sale of alcohol to anyone under the age of 18. The same applies to Macao. Licence terms vary from region to region. 51% of kids who drink safely seem like a lot – and keep in mind that it`s probably not a sip of red wine with dinner and could very easily be a ganbei baijiu or two. If China wants to solve its child alcohol problem, the first step is for the nation to admit that it has a problem.
It is a criminal offence to consume alcohol in public or to influence alcohol.  The following graphs include the Legal Drinking Age (MLDA) and related data for 190 independent states recognized by the U.S. Department of State on July 15, 2015. Data are from the World Health Organization`s Global Status Report on Alcohol and Health 2014 2014, unless otherwise noted. No information on alcohol age was available for Djibouti, Lebanon, Marshall Islands, North Korea or South Sudan, the other five countries listed as independent states by the State Department. The most well-known reason for the law behind the legal drinking age is the effect on the brain in teenagers. As the brain is still maturing, alcohol can have a negative effect on memory and long-term thinking. In addition, it can cause liver failure and cause hormonal imbalance in adolescents due to the constant changes and maturation of hormones during puberty.  Youth are also particularly at risk of injury when drinking alcohol, as they may not have the necessary knowledge about low-risk drinking. In fact, public health researchers found that people`s age to drink the first full serving of alcohol was significantly related to knowledge of low-risk alcohol consumption and beverage counting. Knowledge about low-risk alcohol consumption and frequency of beverage counting increased more sharply with age at first drinking in adolescence than at the end of the period.  At the end of the 20th century.
In North America, the legal drinking age and the legal purchasing age range from 18 to 21: consumption in public places, with the exception of designated drinking areas, is prohibited regardless of age.