Know that even if you don`t do anything illegal, something unethical can end your research career. Research misconduct is a serious ethical problem because it can undermine scientific integrity and institutional credibility. This results in a waste of money and resources that could have been used for alternative research. When you publish your research, whether as a thesis or in one or more journal articles, you must provide the details of the ethics approval, including this issue. You should publish to keep up with the latest research and knowledge, not just to advance your career. This basically means that you shouldn`t publish anything that isn`t new or duplicates someone else`s work. Such ethical lapses resulted in serious harm to participants, waste of resources, and loss of trust in science and scientists. Therefore, all research institutions have strict ethical guidelines for the conduct of research. As a researcher, you must consider all possible sources of harm to participants. Damage can take different forms. This article focuses primarily on research ethics in human research, but ethical considerations are also important in animal research. You will typically describe how you will address each issue in your research proposal if you want to collect data from participants.
Various regulatory bodies have been established to ensure the safety of those involved in research. It is imperative to obtain approval from the relevant regulatory authorities before proceeding with the research. The constitution and types of these bodies vary from country to country. Researchers are expected to know these authorities, and the list of various agencies relevant to India is provided in the article «Research Methodology II» in this issue. Voluntary participation is an ethical principle protected by international law and numerous scientific codes of conduct. Although the participants had serious health problems, including blindness and other complications, the researchers only pretended to provide medical care. Research ethics provides guidelines for conducting research responsibly. In addition, it educates and supervises scientists conducting research to ensure a high ethical standard. Below is a general summary of some ethical principles: When conducting your research, make sure you avoid careless mistakes. You should also review your work carefully and critically to ensure your findings are credible.
It is also important to keep complete records of your research. If you are asked to act as a peer reviewer, you should take the time to do the job effectively and thoroughly. Only other IRB-approved researchers are allowed access to study data, and you ensure that everyone is aware of and respects your institution`s confidentiality protocols. Resisting research ethics will also diminish the credibility of your research, as it will be difficult for others to trust your data if your methods are morally questionable. In research with children, you often need informed permission from their parents or guardians for their participation. Although children cannot give informed consent, it is preferable to also ask for their consent (consent) to participate, depending on their age and maturity. The ethical and legal issues surrounding the conduct of clinical research with human participants had been a concern for policymakers, lawyers, scientists and clinicians for many years. The Declaration of Helsinki established ethical principles for clinical research involving human participants. The goal of clinical research is to systematically collect and analyze data from which potentially generalizable conclusions can be drawn in order to improve clinical practice and benefit patients in the future.
Therefore, it is important to be familiar with Good Clinical Practice (GCP), an international quality standard provided by the International Conference on Harmonization of Technical Requirements for Registration of Human Pharmaceuticals (ICH) or the local version, Central Drugs Standard Control Organization (India`s equivalent of the U.S. Food and Drug Administration) and local regulatory policy, Ensure that research is conducted in an ethical and legal manner. In this article, we will briefly discuss the legal and ethical issues surrounding human recruitment, the basic principles of informed consent, and precautions to take when publishing data and clinical research. Some of the fundamental principles of PCM in research include defining the responsibilities of sponsors, researchers, monitoring and reviewing consent processes, and protecting individuals.  Reasonable efforts should have been made to find a legal authority for consent. If there is not enough time, an «informed consent exception» may allow the subject to register with the prior consent of an ethics committee.  Researchers should obtain the delayed informed consent of the investigator (if recapable) or his/her legally authorized representative for further participation as soon as possible. [4,7] If a research proposal raises ethical issues, the committee will ask the researcher to re-examine the topic and determine if they could do so differently. In reality, the real goal was to study the effects of the untreated disease, and the researchers never informed participants of their diagnoses or research goals. Research scandals with ethical failures are scattered throughout history, but some took place not so long ago.
These are internationally recognized guidelines that address issues that may lead to ethical and legal issues in research. There may be regional ethical and legal issues that should also be consulted with a local committee to ensure that you are not violating ethical or legal requirements of the research. These regulations include research participants, research sponsors, the consent and authorship of researchers, and the prevention of bias, bias and fraud in research. You can keep the data confidential by using aggregated information in your research report to refer only to groups of participants and not to individuals. (b) Falsification – falsification of research material or modification or omission of data or results so that the search is not accurately represented in the search record. They strike a balance between the pursuit of important research objectives and the use of ethical research methods and procedures. It is always necessary to avoid permanent or excessive damage to participants, whether accidental or not. It is important to make it clear to participants that their refusal to participate will not have any consequences or negative effects. After all, they take the time to help you with the research process, so you need to respect their choices without trying to change their minds.