Legal Basis of the National Service Training Program

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In 1980, he promulgated Executive Order No. 1706, or National Service Act, which made national service mandatory for Filipino citizens. «National service» consists of three main programmes, namely: Civil Protection Service, Law Enforcement Service and Military Service. Recognizing the vital role of young people in nation-building, the State promotes the civic awareness of young people and develops their physical, moral, spiritual, intellectual and social well-being. It aims to inculcate patriotism and nationalism in young people and encourage their participation in public and civic affairs. Paragraph 7. NSTP provision in higher and technical-vocational education institutions – All higher and technical-vocational education institutions, public and private, must offer at least one of the components of the programme; provided that state universities and colleges offer the ROTC component and at least one other component as provided for in this document; Provided that private universities and technical and vocational institutions may also offer the ROTC if they have at least three hundred and fifty (350) student-pupils. Presidential Decree No. 1706, also known as the «National Service Law,» was promulgated on August 8, 1980. It made national service compulsory for all Filipino citizens and established three categories of national service: civilian service, law enforcement and military service. [3] The NSTP is a program that aims to improve civic awareness and youth advocacy readiness by developing an ethic of service and patriotism while being trained in one of its program components.

Republic Act 9163, also known as the National Service Training Program Act of 2001, signed by Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, provided for the creation of the program. The Act made the ROTC optional and made it one of its components. The goal of the legislation and program is to harness the strength and capacity of youth to help build the nation, so the National Service Reserve Force was created to recruit CWTS and LTS graduates, which is also equivalent to the ROTC Citizen Armed Force. In the event that the state needs people for its civic and literacy activities, it will only deploy reserve force personnel, student volunteers who produced the NSTP-CWTS and the NSTP-LTS. As with the armed forces` need for additional forces for its defence campaigns, it can easily deploy its reservists to reserve command. It is the government`s first duty to serve and protect its citizens. In turn, it is the responsibility of all citizens to defend the security of the state, and in the achievement of this security, the government may require any citizen to perform personal, military or civilian service. Republic Act 7077, also known as the Citizen Armed Forces Act or Reservist Armed Forces of the Philippines, was signed into law by Corazon Aquino on June 27, 1991. The law provided for the organization, training and deployment of citizen reservists or soldiers. The National Service Training Program (NSTP) is aimed at students in higher education and amends RA 7077 RA 1706 to improve civic awareness and youth advocacy readiness through the development of service ethic and patriotism. As a member of the NSTP facilitators, the researcher wishes to learn more about the role of NSTP and NSTP students in promoting and implementing the NSTP goal in a specific community to improve lives and ensure a healthy environment, which is the main goal and mission of DLSAU-NSTP and the so-called sustainable community.

The researcher uses the community-based participatory action research (CBRN) model, to be more precise, the targeted group discussion (FGD) model, to know exactly what the community`s existing situations and problems are. Communities in the Ipo, Norzagaray, Bulacan Dam watershed, DLSAU NSTP and NSTP students, and DENR are focusing more on economic security, one of the elements of a sustainable community, i.e. the education and livelihood program needed to create and achieve a sustainable community. Therefore, this research is based solely on active cooperation between the researcher, the university, the government, institutions or groups of people, especially the community in the field concerned. By helping together, we provide a solution to the needs of the community and give the best possible programs and projects, that is, giving them a quality education and a noble livelihood program that benefits people to achieve a sustainable community. She invoked the constitutional provision on the «duty of the State to serve and protect its citizens», in particular Article II (Declaration of Principles and State Policy), Section 2, which states: «The supreme duty of government is to serve and protect the people. The government may call upon the people to defend the State, and within this framework all citizens may be called upon to perform personal military or civilian service under the conditions provided for by law» (emphasis added). This is the same principle that the Reserve Officer Training Corps created and supported. Under the NSTP, college students and students of a high school diploma or a technical vocational course in public or private educational institutions must complete one of the three components of the program during a two-semester academic period. However, students are free to choose the component of the program they wish to follow. The three components of the NSTP are:[1] Section 14. Suspension of the ROTC requirement – Completion of ROTC education as a prerequisite for graduation is reserved for students who, although they have completed all of their academic units, have not been allowed to graduate from the effective date of this Act.

as opposed to the ROTC, where men undergo four (4) semesters or two (2) academic years of military training. Students taking the NSTP will receive three (3) program units; corresponds to 1.5 units per semester. Unlike the mandatory – but free – ROTC, students must now pay for their NSTP. This included former ROTC cadets who enjoyed the Free Reservist program. In addition, the law stipulated that private educational institutions could offer one of three options, but state colleges and universities required them to retain their ROTC units as well as one alternative unit among the other two options. The law has also limited the existence of the ROTC in private and vocational institutions that require it to have 350 cadets in order for it to be called a unit, otherwise – and given other factors such as insufficient number of cadets, lack of logistics to support the ROTC Curriculum (POI), etc. – mutual enrolment of students in other schools for their NSTP is an option. Commonwealth Act No. 1, also known as the National Defense Act, was enacted by the National Assembly of the Philippines on December 21, 1935.

It provides for compulsory military service for all male citizens between the ages of 18 and 30. [2] § 13 Transitional provisions – Students who have not yet completed the basic ROTC, with the exception of those listed in para. 14 of this Act may either continue in the program component in which they are currently enrolled or move to one of the other program components of their choice; Provided that, in the event of a transfer to another component of the program, the ROTC core course he or she has taken will be credited towards the purpose of meeting the NSTP requirement; Provided, moreover, that once it is passed to another program component, it terminates the NSTP in component.chanrobles virtualaw library Sec. 4. Establishment of the National Service Training Program. There have been several precedents for the National Service Training Programme (NSTP) Act 2001. These include: The Civic Welfare Training Service focuses on activities that have a social impact through activities that could contribute to «citizen health, education, the environment, entrepreneurship, safety, recreation and morale,» so the CWTS component of the NSTP emphasized the importance of youth participation in broad programs or activities that benefit people.