Legal Definition Operationalize

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Social anxiety is a concept that cannot be measured directly. Instead, you can operationalize it in several ways. For example, using a social anxiety scale to rate self-reports. Total number of incidents of recent behavioural incidents to avoid crowded places and the degree of symptoms of physical anxiety in social situations. The practical «operational definition» is generally understood to refer to theoretical definitions that describe reality through the use of theory. Since one of the measures of anger is volume, the researcher can operationalize the concept of anger by measuring the subject`s degree of strength relative to his or her normal tone. However, this must assume that volume is a uniform measure. Some may react verbally, while others may react physically. Operationalization is a process by which researchers establish indicators to measure concepts. In addition, evaluators develop indicators to help measure policy changes.

Qualitative researchers use this process to define key concepts to be used in their research. Operationalization of «globalization» in empirical sociology – Salvatore Babones, Univ. of Pittsburgh. Abstract: This paper proposes a new approach to conceptualize and operationalize globalization in empirical sociological research in a manner consistent with the main theoretical treatments of the term. The levels and rankings of globalization obtained here have a greater validity of construction and criteria than those of globalization as they are generally operationalized in the literature. The importance of careful operationalization can perhaps be seen more clearly in the development of general relativity. Einstein discovered that there are two operational definitions of «mass» used by scientists: inertia, defined by the application of a force and the observation of acceleration from Newton`s second law of motion; and gravity, defined by placing the object on a scale or balance. Previously, no one had paid attention to the different operations used, because they always gave the same results,[10] but Einstein`s most important idea was to postulate the equivalence principle that the two operations would always give the same result because they were equivalent at a deep level, and to work on the implications of this hypothesis.

This is the theory of general relativity. Thus, a scientific breakthrough was achieved by ignoring the different operational definitions of scientific measurements and recognizing that both describe a single theoretical concept. Einstein`s disagreement with the operationalist approach was criticized by Bridgman[11] as follows: «Einstein did not translate into his theory of general relativity the lessons and ideas he himself taught us in his particular theory.» (p. 335). In research design, particularly in psychology, social sciences, life sciences and physics, operationalization or operationalization is a process of defining the measurement of a phenomenon that is not directly measurable, although its existence is derived from other phenomena. Operationalization therefore defines a fuzzy concept in order to make it clearly distinguishable, measurable and understandable by empirical observation. In a broader sense, it defines the extension of a concept and describes what is an instance of that concept and what is not. For example, in medicine, the health phenomenon can be operationalized by one or more indicators such as body mass index or smoking.

Another example of visual processing could be inferred from the presence of a particular object in the environment by measuring specific characteristics of the reflected light. In these examples, the phenomena are difficult to observe and measure directly because they are general/abstract (as in the example of health) or latent (as in the example of the object). Operationalization makes it possible to deduce the existence and certain elements of the expansion of phenomena of interest from certain observable and measurable effects they have. If a researcher wants to measure the depth of «anger» in different people, the most direct operation would be to ask them a question, such as «Are you angry» or «How angry are you?» However, this operation is problematic because it depends on the definition of the individual. Some people may be exposed to mild anger and get angry easily, but describe themselves as «extremely angry», while others may be subjected to severe provocation and become very angry but describe themselves as «slightly angry». Also, in many cases, it is not practical to ask subjects if they are angry. Operationalization is the scientific practice of operational definition, where even the most basic concepts are defined by the operations by which we measure them. The practice originated in the field of physics with the philosophical book The Logic of Modern Physics (1927) by Percy Williams Bridgman, whose methodological position is called operationalism. [8] [9] One of the leading critics of operationalism in the social sciences argues that «the original goal was to eliminate the subjective mentalist concepts that had dominated earlier psychological theory and replace them with a more operationally meaningful representation of human behavior.