In land law, the term «estate» is a relic of the English feudal system, which created a complex hierarchy of land and land interests. The allodial or simple interest is the most complete property that one can have in the common law system. An estate can be an estate for years, an estate at will, a life estate (expires on the death of the holder), a pure life estate (a lifetime interest in another person`s life) or a fee succession (to heirs of one`s own body) or a more limited type of heir (e.g. to male heirs of one`s own body). The word succession is colloquially used to refer to the entire land and improvements to a huge property, often on a farm or farm or on the historic home of a prominent family. However, in the financial and legal sense, an estate refers to everything of value that a person owns – real estate, art collections, antiques, investments, insurance and other assets and claims – and is also used as an overall means of relating to a person`s net worth. Legally, a person`s estate refers to their total assets, minus all liabilities. The estate may also be divided into estates and other estates that are not inherited. The fee simple domain and the tail fee domain are domains; They pass automatically to the heirs of the owner, either without restrictions (in fee simple) or with restrictions (in case of fief simple). Succession for years and life estate are uninherited estates; The owner does not own anything after the expiry of the years and cannot pass anything on to his heirs.  In almost all cases, estates are divided among the family members of the deceased.
This transfer of wealth from one generation from one family to another tends to anchor income in certain social classes or families. Inheritances account for a massive proportion of total wealth in the United States and around the world, and are partly responsible for persistent income inequality (although there are, of course, many other factors). Partly in response to the stagnation of wealth movement resulting from inheritance, most governments require those waiting for inheritance tax to pay inheritance tax (inheritance tax) on inheritance. This tax can be very high and sometimes force the beneficiary to sell some of the inherited assets to pay the tax bill. Under U.S. bankruptcy law, an individual`s estate consists of all assets or assets of any kind available for distribution to creditors.  However, some assets are recognized as tax-exempt to allow a person to restart their financial life. In the United States, asset exemptions depend on a variety of factors, including state and federal laws.    The assets (or assets) of an insolvent person are administered by a trustee. The legal situation in all common law countries is similar in this respect. The equivalent in civil law systems is inheritance.
Estates are more relevant after a person`s death. Estate planning is the act of managing the division and inheritance of your personal wealth and is arguably the most important financial planning in an individual`s life. Typically, a person writes a will explaining the testator`s intentions regarding the distribution of his or her estate after his or her death. A person who receives property by inheritance is called a beneficiary. At common law, an estate is the net worth of a person at a given time, living or dead. It is the sum of a person`s assets – legal rights, interests and claims to property of any kind – minus all liabilities at that time. The issue of bankruptcy and death of the person is of particular legal importance. (See Legacy.) In general, both the person drafting the will and the beneficiaries of an estate are advised to use the services of estate lawyers. Inheritance tax is notorious for its complexity and exorbitance, and hiring a lawyer helps ensure that your inheritance tax is paid correctly. Editorially, there are several steps that can be taken to minimize the amount of taxes beneficiaries have to pay – for example, creating trusts.
In the United States, when most of an estate is left to a spouse or charity, estate taxes are generally repealed. n.1) anything you own in real estate and other assets. 2) in general, all property of a deceased person subject to succession (judicial administration) and distribution to heirs and beneficiaries, all property managed by a guardian for a ward (young person in need of protection and management of affairs), or property that a curator manages for a curator (a person whose physical or mental disability requires the management of his affairs). 3) An alternative term for real estate interests used in conjunction with another defining word such as «life estate», «succession for years» or «real estate». Overshadowed by legal interests and land interests, English courts have also created «just interests» on the same legal interests. These obligations are called trusts, which are enforceable in court. A trustee is the person who has legal title to the property, while the beneficiary is said to have a reasonable interest in the property. The value of personal wealth is of particular importance in two cases: when the person declares bankruptcy and when the person dies. When a debtor declares bankruptcy, his estate is assessed to determine which of his debts can reasonably be expected of him. Bankruptcy proceedings involve the same rigorous legal assessment of an estate that arises after a person`s death. Legal right as the owner of an asset or property to hold title/ownership.
A lender has a legal discount on a mortgaged asset that serves as collateral. The borrower has only one right of redemption. The legal portfolio is held by a trustee for the benefit of its beneficiaries in the assets of the trust. Fee simple successions may be absolute or fief-simple (i.e., subject to future conditions), such as easily determinable fiefdoms and fee simples, subject to the following condition; It is the complex system of future interest (see below) that eliminates the concepts of trusts and estates through the use of life contingencies in actuarial mathematics. Interests and legal interests are called «real rights» and described as «good against the world». Depending on the context, the term is also used in reference to an estate in the country or to a specific type of property (such as real estate or personal property). The term is also used to refer only to the sum of a person`s wealth. Depending on the intentions of the estate owner, a trust may come into effect during the person`s lifetime (living trust) or after the person`s death (testamentary trust). An estate is anything that includes a person`s net worth, including all land and real estate, possessions, securities, cash and other assets that the person owns or in which the person has a controlling interest. Supported by Black`s Law Dictionary, Free 2nd ed., and The Law Dictionary. The Florida Bar. «Consumer Brochure: Legacy in Florida.» (accessed November 22, 2020).